Have you ever knew that EV used in Second World War? Did you know about the Goliath Tracked Mine? If not, this article is for you to read.
In late 1940 Bremen-based automaker Carl F.W. Borgward was asked to develop this kind of special creature by the Wehrmacht Ordnance Bureau. This was inspired by a French miniature tracked vehicle prototype that recovered from the Sein.
It was requested that being able to deliver at least 100 pounds of high explosive to a given target by remote control. Borgward made its SdKfz.302 in spring 1942. Also known as Goliath which was powered by two 2.5 kW Bosch electric motors. It had a limited range, less than a mile, and high cost caused to its discontinuance.
Borgward brought the SdKfz. 303a in late 1942. That was powered by a Zundapp two-cylinder gasoline engine. Also with an increased range of more than seven miles. In 1944, It made the slightly larger 303b which was able to carry a 220-pound payload.
Borgward produced more than 7500 Goliaths during war period. The Allies known it as the “beetle tank”. Operators controlled the vehicle using a joystick control box which was connected by a 2145 foot triple strand control cable. One strand for detonation, two for steering.
These were issued to special armored units and combat engineers. The Goliath was made for attack enemy tanks, destroy strongpoints or damage infantry units. Enemies used to cut the control cable for disable Goliaths. However, Germans used this against Polish Home Army in 1944. The Goliath served as the forerunner of the modern radio controlled robotic vehicles.
Featured Image Credits : Military-History